3.1203.5 Exterior Door Replacement

Topic: 
Windows and Doors
Subtopic: 
Replacement
Desired Outcome: 
Exterior door selection and installation provides a high efficiency continuous air and thermal boundary Thermal boundary The separation between the interior and exterior environments of a building that slows heat flow
For supporting material, see Referenced Standards.
TitleSpecification(s)Objective(s)
3.1203.5a
Design considerations

Door/glass will be selected by location in the building, building height, code, and climate

Door frame will be insulated and selected with thermal breaks appropriate to climate

Door selection will be based on lowest air leakage rating

Door selection will be based on National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC) rating by climate

Door and door glazing with lowest feasible U-value will be specified

Glazing within door assemblies will comply with CPSC CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission 16 CFR Part 1201

Door glazing solar heat gain coefficient ( SHGC SHGC Solar heat gain coefficient ) will be selected by building orientation and climate

Water management system will be maintained

Historic preservation requirements will be considered

Ensure the most effective and appropriate door system is specified

3.1203.5b
Worker safety

All worker safety specifications will be in accordance with SWS 2.0100.3 Worker Safety

Ensure worker safety, especially in regard to fall protection considerations and contaminants found in demolition, such as asbestos, lead, polychlorinated biphenyls, etc.

3.1203.5c
Occupant safety

Occupant will be notified of changes or repairs to be made

An occupant safety plan will be prepared and implemented

Occupant will be shown how to properly operate the door system

Ensure occupant safety

3.1203.5d
Sealant selection

Sealants will be compatible with their intended surfaces and applied in accordance with manufacturer specifications

Selection will be durable, pest resistant, and have a weather-appropriate seal

Indoor sealants will be low volatile organic compound ( VOC VOC Volatile organic compound ) products that meet independent testing and verification protocols, such as Green Seal GS-36, "GREENGUARD Children and Schools," or comparable certifications

Fire-resistance-rated assemblies will be provided with sealants permitted by the authority having jurisdiction and adopted building code

Prevent intrusion of moisture and pests into the sealed assembly

Prevent exposing workers or occupants to excessive VOC VOC Volatile organic compound levels

Ensure sealant meets or exceeds the performance characteristics of the assembly and is compliant with local fire code requirements

3.1203.5e
Door location, installation and sealing

Door frame will be aligned with the wall system's air and thermal boundary Thermal boundary The separation between the interior and exterior environments of a building that slows heat flow to create a continuous air and thermal boundary Thermal boundary The separation between the interior and exterior environments of a building that slows heat flow

Door system will be installed in accordance with manufacturer specifications

Rough opening will be prepared and sealed to the wall system's continuous air and thermal boundary Thermal boundary The separation between the interior and exterior environments of a building that slows heat flow

Door frame will be sealed and flashed to the airtight and watertight rough opening

When a replacement door is being installed within an existing frame, the original frame will be prepared and sealed to the wall system's continuous air and thermal boundary Thermal boundary The separation between the interior and exterior environments of a building that slows heat flow , and the door will be weather stripped on all four sides

When the existing door frame has penetrations due to old hardware, the abandoned penetrations will be sealed

Door rail (bottom) and threshold will be adjusted to ensure tight but operable fit

Maintain a continuous air and thermal boundary Thermal boundary The separation between the interior and exterior environments of a building that slows heat flow throughout the entire wall system

3.1203.5f
Quality assurance

Door will be adjusted to properly fit the jamb and allow for ease of operation and security

A sampling protocol will be used to test door system for air leakage in accordance with ASTM ASTM ASTM International, www.astm.org E783-02 or ASTM ASTM ASTM International, www.astm.org E1186

A sampling protocol will be used to test door system for water leakage in accordance with ASTM ASTM ASTM International, www.astm.org E1105-00

Ensure proper operation of the door and hardware

Ensure airtight and watertight installation